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Navigating Enterprise Agreement Disputes: Lessons from Australian Workers' Union v Moag Pty Ltd

In the realm of employment relations, understanding the nuances of legal frameworks and their application in disputes is critical. A recent decision from the Fair Work Commission Full Bench in the case of Australian Workers' Union v Moag Pty Ltd (C2024/1323) provides a fascinating insight into the intricacies involved in enterprise agreement disputes, particularly concerning the ‘better off overall test’ (BOOT) and issues of genuine agreement.

Navigating Enterprise Agreement Disputes: Lessons from Australian Workers' Union v Moag Pty Ltd
Navigating Enterprise Agreement Disputes: Lessons from Australian Workers' Union v Moag Pty Ltd

The Case Background

In the case [2024] FWCFB 259, the Australian Workers’ Union (AWU) challenged the approval of the MOAG Enterprise Agreement 2022 by Deputy President Dobson. The union argued that the agreement did not satisfy the BOOT as required under the Fair Work Act 2009 (the Act), particularly sections 185 and 193. They claimed that not all relevant awards had been considered in the BOOT assessment, and the agreement was not genuinely agreed upon by the employees.

Key Legal Issues and Commission’s Findings

1. BOOT Assessment Errors:

The AWU contended that the BOOT should have included comparison against not only the Building and Construction General On-site Award 2020 but also the Hydrocarbons Industry (Upstream) Award 2020, the Electrical, Electronic and Communications Contracting Award 2020, and the Manufacturing and Associated Industries and Occupations Award 2020. The initial decision only considered the Building Award. However, the Commission ultimately found that even if these awards were considered, the agreement still passed the BOOT due to significantly higher rates of pay offered under the new agreement.

2. Genuine Agreement Concerns:

The AWU also argued that the agreement was not genuinely agreed upon by the employees as required by section 188 of the Act. They highlighted the limited number of employees involved in the approval process and questioned whether they could represent the interests of all occupational classifications covered by the agreement. Nevertheless, the Commission dismissed these concerns, noting that the employees were covered by a predecessor agreement and were adequately representative of those affected by the new agreement.

3. Legal Implications and Guidance:

This decision underscores the importance of ensuring that all relevant awards are considered in BOOT assessments to prevent legal challenges. It also illustrates the need for clear communication and genuine consultation with employees during the bargaining process, as stipulated in sections 180 and 188 of the Act.


The decision in Australian Workers' Union v Moag Pty Ltd serves as a crucial reminder of the complexities involved in negotiating and approving enterprise agreements. It highlights the necessity for employers to rigorously assess agreements against all applicable awards and engage genuinely with all employees covered by the agreement. For unions and employee representatives, this case reinforces the importance of vigilance in protecting the interests of their members by ensuring that enterprise agreements genuinely reflect their needs and conditions.

This case not only provides valuable lessons on adhering to legislative requirements but also on the strategic considerations necessary to navigate the complexities of industrial relations effectively.

For further details on the case, you can refer to the full decision at [2024] FWCFB 259, available on the Fair Work Commission's website.

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