In Australia, there are several general protections provided by law to protect employees in the workplace. These protections include:
Protection from discrimination: Employees have the right to be free from discrimination on the basis of their age, race, sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, disability, religion or political beliefs.
Protection from unfair dismissal: Employees who have been dismissed from their job have the right to challenge the decision if it was unfair or unjustified.
Protection from adverse action: Employees have the right to take certain actions, such as making a complaint or inquiry, without fear of adverse consequences from their employer.
Protection of workplace rights: Employees have the right to take part in lawful industrial activity and to be represented by a union or other workplace representative.
Protection from bullying: Employees have the right to work in an environment free from bullying or harassment.
Protection of whistleblowers: Employees have the right to report wrongdoing in the workplace without fear of retaliation.
These protections are provided under various federal and state laws, including the Fair Work Act 2009, the Australian Human Rights Commission Act 1986, and the Work Health and Safety Act 2011.
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